What IS gingivitis exactly?

Gingivitis is a common and mild form of gum disease that causes irritation, redness and swelling around the gums around the base of your teeth.

The most common cause of gingivitis is poor oral hygiene. Good oral health habits, such as brushing at least twice a day, flossing daily and getting regular dental checkups, can help prevent and reverse gingivitis.

Signs + Symptoms of Gingivitis:

  • Swollen or puffy gums
  • Dusky red or dark red gums
  • Gums that bleed easily when you brush or floss
  • Bad breath
  • Receding gums
  • Tender gums

How to prevent Gingivitis:

  • Proper brushing and flossing to remove plaque and debris and control tartar buildup
  • Eating right to ensure proper nutrition for your jawbone and teeth
  • Avoiding cigarettes and other forms of tobacco
  • Scheduling regular checkups with your dentist

Risk factors for gingivitis:

  • Bad oral health habits
  • Old age
  • Smoking and chewing tobacco
  • Dry mouth
  • Bad nutrition – including vitamin C deficiencies
  • Low quality dental restorations and crooked teeth that make it difficult to brush and clean them
  • Health conditions that reduce immunity such as leukemia, cancer treatments, and HIV/AIDS
  • Certain drugs such as phenytoin (Phenytek/Dilantin) for reducing seizures, and certain calcium channel blockers for angina and high blood pressure
  • Hormonal changes, such as menstruation, pregnancy, and using birth control pills
  • Genetic factors – experts believe people with parents who suffered from gingivitis are more at risk of developing it themselves. This is believed to be caused by the kinds of bacteria we are exposed to during early life
  • Medical conditions like fungal and viral infections


Book now for a FREE dental cleaning–the best way to prevent and treat GINGIVITIS!